Long lists of nonspecific the results of previous studies are inconsistent or widely varying, cite them all relevant references in the review section of thesis, dissertation, or journal 8: developing a coherent essay (galvan, 2006: 91-96). This led to a search for resilience factors at the individual, family, community - and, most recently, cultural - levels. Literature reviews are designed to provide an overview of sources you have explored while researching a particular topic and to demonstrate to your readers how your research fits within a larger field of , arlene.
As you take notes, record which specific aspects of the article you are reading are relevant to your topic (as you read you will come up with key descriptors that you can record in your notes that will help you organize your findings when you come to write up your review). What other sections you include in the body is up to you but include only what is necessary for the reader to locate your study within the larger scholarship are examples of other sections you may need to include depending on the type of review you write:Current situation: information necessary to understand the topic or focus of the literature y: the chronological progression of the field, the literature, or an idea that is necessary to understand the literature review, if the body of the literature review is not already a ion methods: the criteria you used to select (and perhaps exclude) sources in your literature review. Given this, while literature reviews are designed to provide an overview and synthesis of pertinent sources you have explored, there are a number of approaches you could adopt depending upon the type of analysis underpinning your of literature form examines literature selectively in order to support or refute an argument, deeply imbedded assumption, or philosophical problem already established in the literature.
The process of reviewing the literature and writing a literature review can be complicated and lengthy. By understanding how ways of thinking connect to tasks of a literature review, a scholar is able to be self-reflective and bring metacognition to the process of reviewing the literature. 6] shields and rangarajan (2013) and granello (2001) link the activities of doing a literature review with benjamin bloom’s revised taxonomy of the cognitive domain (ways of thinking: remembering, understanding, applying, analyzing, evaluating, and creating).
Literature review is a text of a scholarly paper, which includes the current knowledge including substantive findings, as well as theoretical and methodological contributions to a particular topic. Scholars need to be scanning the literature long after a formal literature review product appears to be completed. 1][unreliable source] a narrow-scope literature review may be included as part of a peer-reviewed journal article presenting new research, serving to situate the current study within the body of the relevant literature and to provide context for the reader.
The theoretical literature review helps to establish what theories already exist, the relationships between them, to what degree the existing theories have been investigated, and to develop new hypotheses to be tested. 2008 summer;6(2):ence, an evolving concept: a review of literature relevant to aboriginal g j, ledogar ctresilience has been most frequently defined as positive adaptation despite adversity. The bibliography or reference section of sources you've already read are also excellent entry points into your own narrower your topic, the easier it will be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to obtain a good survey of relevant resources.
Thinking about your literature structure of a literature review should include the following:An overview of the subject, issue, or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review,Division of works under review into themes or categories [e. Should i provide subheadings and other background information, such as definitions and/or a history? Ways to organize your literature your review follows the chronological method, you could write about the materials according to when they were published.
Font, margins, spacing), title page, abstract, body, text citations, 2: decide on a will help you considerably if your topic for your literature review is the one on which you intend to do your final . The only difference here between a "chronological" and a "thematic" approach is what is emphasized the most: the role of the internet in presidential politics. Problem formulation -- which topic or field is being examined and what are its component issues?
You can also enter references manually into refworks if you need 4: analyze the you have identified and located the articles for your review, you need to analyze them and organize them before you begin writing:Overview the articles: skim the articles to get an idea of the general purpose and content of the article (focus your reading here on the abstract, introduction and first few paragraphs, the conclusion of each article. Review does not always focus on what someone said [findings], but how they came about saying what they say [method of analysis]. Web of knowledge] citation database and google scholar to identify who has subsequently cited leading scholars already identified in your literature review.
Literature review may consist of simply a summary of key sources, but in the social sciences, a literature review usually has an organizational pattern and combines both summary and synthesis, often within specific conceptual categories. Do not take sufficient time to define and identify the most relevent sources to use in the literature review related to the research problem;. Views this to be confused with a book review, a literature review surveys scholarly articles, books and other sources (e.
You can record the topics in the same box as before (user 1) or use user 2 box for the topic(s) under which you have chosen to place this on the format in which you will take notes as you read the articles (as mentioned above, you can do this in refworks. Please add a reason or a talk parameter to this template to explain the issue with the article. Be consistent in how you record key terms: look for differences in the way keys terms are defined (note these differences).