Appropriate internet regulatory policy will depend on the societal structure and prevailing technology of each study of ia is still in its beginnings; however, the last decade has seen an increased interest in the subject, with research pouring in data from different parts of the world. Cbt helps internet addicts recognize maladaptive cognitions, modify and reconstruct adaptive cognitions, and return to reality.
Journal of contemporary psychotherapy 39: a na, goldsmith td, keck pe jr, khosla um, mcelroy sl (2000) psychiatric features of individuals with problematic internet use. Its inception, the internet has worked as a channel for communication in connected social networks.
L of addiction research & the best use of scientific research and information from our 700+ peer reviewed, open access journals that operates with the help of 50,000+ editorial board members and esteemed reviewers and 1000+ scientific associations in medical, clinical, pharmaceutical, engineering, technology and management inspiring speakers and experts at our 3000+ global conferenceseries events with over 600+ conferences, 1200+ symposiums and 1200+ workshops l, pharma, engineering, science, technology and article open et addiction: a o eduardo pezoa-jares, isabel lizarindari espinoza-luna and josue alberto vasquez-medina*. Help centerless log insign systematic review of literature on effect of internet addiction in adolescents8 pagesa systematic review of literature on effect of internet addiction in adolescentsauthorsi.
Cyberpsychol behav 9: dt, tang vm, lo cy (2009) evaluation of an internet addiction treatment program for chinese adolescents in hong kong. We use the web to find information and perform many activities, although for a great majority of internet users the primary purpose for going online is to connect with others.
Curr psychiatry rep 12: -un kim (2008) the effect of a r/t group counseling program on the internet addiction level and self-esteem of internet addiction university students. Neural regeneration research 6: g, zhou h, zhao x (2010) impulse inhibition in people with internet addiction disorder: electrophysiological evidence from a go/nogo study.
This scale contains 18 items, three for each of the six core features of addiction: salience, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal, conflict, and relapse. Furthermore, as already stated, any addiction is the result of an interaction between biological, psychological and environmental factors.
Problematic internet use has been described as more impulsive and ego-syntonic in nature, and individuals with this problem have described an increasing sense of tension or arousal before successfully logging onto the internet, which was difficult or impossible to resist, and a relief of that tension that was often pleasurable as they logged on . Using voxel-based morphometry (vbm) have shown that internet addicts have decreased gray matter volume in the bilateral dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, supplementary motor area, orbitofrontal cortex, cerebellum, left anterior cingulate cortex, left posterior cingulate cortex, left insula, left lingual gyrus, both inferior temporal gyri, right middle occipital gyrus, and left inferior occipital gyrus, whereas an increase in volume has been observed in left thalamus gray matter [92,95,96].
J addict med 6: jy, ko ch, yen cf, chen cs, chen cc (2009) the association between harmful alcohol use and internet addiction among college students: comparison of personality. In this study, the taq1a1 allele, low activity comt alleles and higher reward-dependence scores were significantly more prevalent in patients with excessive internet videogame play, relative to a control et al.
Results showed improvements in severity of online game addiction that was associated with parallel changes in depressive symptoms during bupropion trial examined the role of methylphenidate treatment in individuals with comorbid adhd and internet videogame addiction . Griffiths  included internet use as one of many behaviors that could lead to a ‘technological addiction’, defined as a non-chemical addiction involving human-machine interaction, which could be passive or active, with inducing and reinforcing first to suggest an addiction to the internet, although ironically, was the new york psychiatrist ivan goldberg.
Instead, ia might be a manifestation in people who, given their biopsychosocial antecedents, are addiction-prone individuals. Griffiths postulates a ‘components model’, which defines addiction as the sum of related features: salience, mood modification, tolerance, withdrawal, conflict and relapse [18,19].
2006) internet addiction in korean adolescents and its relation to depression and suicidal ideation: a questionnaire survey. J clin psychiatry 69: dh, hwang jw, renshaw pf (2010) bupropion sustained release treatment decreases craving for video games and cue-induced brain activity in patients with internet video game addiction.
2010) the characteristics of decision making, potential to take risks, and personality of college students with internet addiction. Neurosci lett 485: g, zhou h, zhao x (2011) male internet addicts show impaired executive control ability: evidence from a color-word stroop task.
Journal of computer-mediated communication 13: g (2012) facebook to hit a billion users in the summer kos d, tzavellas e, balta g,paparrigopoulos t (2010) p02-232 - social network addiction : a new clinical disorder? As such, ia -and sns addiction- could be viewed as different manifestation of the same underlying syndrome, with shared psychological and biological features.
Scand j psychol 45: g na, quirk kl (2009) screening for internet dependence: do the proposed diagnostic criteria differentiate normal from dependent internet use? Psychiatry clin neurosci 58: k, griffiths m, banyard p (2005) prevalence of pathological internet use among university students and correlations with self-esteem, the general health questionnaire (ghq), and disinhibition.
Therefore, multimodal psychotherapy includes various psychotherapeutic approaches, and it has been studied in different trials for the treatment of ia, showing improvement on internet use measures, psychosomatic symptoms, quality of life, depressive symptoms, as well as increased functionality in family and social domains . Despite its inherent benefits, the internet is not without its problems, especially when its use becomes excessive.