Literature review on diabetes mellitus

Prevalence of overweight and obesity among adults with diagnosed diabetes united states, 1988-1994 and 1999-2000"centers for disease control and prevention (cdc) (november 2004) mmwr. The hyperglycemia, in turn, could be further present in this region and therefore, its effects would be greater than those observed in other regions of the cochlea s, as seen in aging and ototoxic subjects, the basal or high frequency region in the cochlea is susceptible to certain diseases, such as diabetes. Kawamori r, tajima n, iwamoto y, kashiwagi a, shimamoto k, kaku k, voglibose ph-3 study ose for prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomised, double-blind trial in japanese individuals with impaired glucose tolerance.

Review of literature on diabetes mellitus

The metabolic control of type ii diabetes is usually achieved with diet, physical exercises and/or concomitant use of oral hypoglycemic agents, insulin may be used in the treatment study aims to analyze the relationship between diabetes mellitus, type i and ii, and possible hearing disorders. Coniff rf, shapiro ja, seaton tb, bray enter, placebo-controlled trial comparing acarbose (bay g 5421) with placebo, tolbutamide, and tolbutamide-plus-acarbose in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Some authors refer only that changes in brain cells on some diabetics can result in slower processing of complex sounds, such as of speech ing to the analyzed studies, we can conclude that there is a relation between hearing disorders and diabetes mellitus.

Literature review of diabetes mellitus

Mayfield ja, white n therapy for type 2 diabetes: rescue, augmentation, and replacement of beta-cell function. According to the studies analyzed, was possible to conclude that there is a relation between hearing alteration and diabetes mellitus. This is probably because the labyrinth is particularly sensitive to small variations in glucose and insulin plasma levels, and evidenced by the presence of insulin receptors in the endolymphatic sac previously mentioned, it is known that patients with diabetes mellitus often show symptoms such as dizziness, tinnitus and hearing loss.

Dependent on a stable level of glucose in ideal situations, extended periods of hypoglycemia episodes can lead to significant individual neurological alterations findings related to diabetes and hearing loss indicate that diabetes can be considered one of the causes of idiopathic sudden hearing loss 32),(33 since diabetes mellitus is known can cause microvascular damage, as well as other microcirculation disorders involving sudden increase of blood viscosity and thromboembolic episodes 32. There appears to be a relationship between hearing loss severity and disease progression, and this may be due to microangiopathic disease in the inner ear ic neuropathy, one of the main complications that appear from time of diabetes mellitus chronic evolution, is characterized by progressive degeneration of nerve fibers' axons 24. Although routine clinical tests usually run only in the frequencies of speech, when they identify sensitivity beyond this region (at higher frequencies), we obtain a more complete picture of cochlear status, which may indicate declining hearing in the high frequencies a study by maia and campos, there is no consensus regarding audiological and histopathological aspects of type i diabetes mellitus 21.

Screening and diagnosis is still based on world health organization (who) and american diabetes association (ada) criteria which include both clinical and laboratory parameters. Black c, cummins e, royle p, philip s, waugh ment of type 2 diabetes: new and future developments in treatment. In a large number of individuals, especially children and adolescents, the diagnosis of diabetes is made in face of health complications, especially infections te clinical manifestation of diabetes is characterized by metabolic disorders, vascular and neuropathic complications of the most consistent morphological aspects of diabetes mellitus is diffuse thickness of basal membrane, which also occurs in the vascular endothelium and is called diabetic microangiopathy.

The pancreas does not produce insulin or produces inefficiently, failing to perform its biological main types of diabetes mellitus are type i and type ii. Are there any disturbances in vestibular organ of children and young adults with type i diabetes? However, it also seems to exist a demyelinating action by hyperglycemia, which leads to a decrease in nerve conduction velocity less of the etiology and pathogenesis of hearing loss, it can be noted that several studies of auditory function in diabetic patients showed that hearing loss attributed to diabetes mellitus (type i and type ii) is usually of the progressive bilateral neurosensorial type, predominantly in high frequencies 13), (14), (26, especially in the elderly 13),(26.

Willi c, bodenmann p, ghali wa, faris pd, cornuz smoking and the risk of type 2 diabetes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. This curiosity arose from the fact that audiological anamnesis, as applied in clinical audiology practice, questions patients about the presence of diseases like diabetes, thus expressing interest to investigate how such diseases affect prevalence of diabetes has increased in recent years, and often diabetic individuals present audiological symptoms such as hearing loss, tingling sensations and dizziness. Rosenstock j, lorber dl, gnudi l, howard cp, bilheimer dw, chang pc, et al inhaled insulin plus basal insulin glargine versus twice daily biaspart insulin for type 2 diabetes: a multicentre randomised trial.

But there are those who understand that diabetes mellitus and hearing loss could be an integral part of a genetic syndrome and not dependent upon each other athy and neuropathy are diabetes complications, well recognized, but not fully understood, and are considered important factors responsible for vestibulocochlear manifestations 21. Yoon kh, lee jh, kim jw, cho jh, choi yh, ko sh, et ic obesity and type 2 diabetes in asia. This review is based on a search of medline, the cochrane database of systemic reviews, and citation lists of relevant publications.

Although several studies have been conducted, the association between hearing disorders and diabetes mellitus is still quite controversial, therefore this work aims to clarify possible hearing disorders found in individuals with this study's development will specifically address issues involving general considerations about diabetes mellitus, including definition, types, and auditory behavior, such as common complaints and audiological objective of this study is to perform a literature review to determine the relationship between diabetes mellitus, type i and ii, and possible hearing order to achieve the objectives of this study, research was conducted in electronic databases, namely: scielo, medline and lilacs, and area books from the following combination of descriptors: diabetes mellitus x hearing loss, selecting the most significant studies in recent l es mellitus is a metabolic disease of multiple etiologies. 2000;66(2): 24, 2012; accepted:Conflict of interest: is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the creative commons attribution ncbi web site requires javascript to tionresourceshow toabout ncbi accesskeysmy ncbisign in to ncbisign l listworld j diabetesv. Pratley re, salsali tion of dpp-4: a new therapeutic approach for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

Inhaled insulin was licensed for use in 2006 but has been withdrawn from the market because of low ds: type 2 diabetes mellitus, diagnosis, management, newer drugsintroductiondiabetes mellitus (dm) is probably one of the oldest diseases known to man. It is known that the number of individuals with the disease grows every year and it is estimated that half of these individuals are unaware of the diagnosis this work will be focused possible audiological implications of diabetes type i and type type i diabetes mellitus is the most common form among children and adolescents, caused by partial or total destruction of pancreatic beta cells, resulting in progressive inability to produce insulin. Use of the auditory brainstem response testing in the clinical evaluation of the patients with diabetes mellitus.

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