Literature review on child abuse

4 recent studies show that among every 1,000 children, ten are victims of abuse and that of these, 2% to 3% die. On this day, the mother reported that the child had fallen to the floor in the bathroom and its legs had hit the edge of the bath, thus contradicting her story at the time of hospital admission. Ards, chung and myers (1998) suggest that cultural differences in child-rearing practices and/or differences in socio-economic status between reporters and perpetrators may affect under- and over-reporting rates.

Concluded that fractures resulting from abuse were more common among children under the age of three years, and that multiple fractures were also more common in the group of children who had suffered abuse. Alternatively, hispanic children from two parent families were more likely to be reunified than white children from similar researchers have used vignettes to explore how race affects caseworkers' decisions about case plans. The review of the literature clearly established a demographic profile of the child abuse victim and his family.

These steps to email a friend or colleague a link to this en of color in the child welfare system: perspectives from the child welfare ding to concerns about the over-representation of minority children in the child welfare system, particularly african-american children, the children's bureau sponsored an exploratory qualitative study of the child welfare system's response to children of color. The project was intended to gain insight into the issue of over-representation (or racial disproportionality) from the perspective of the child welfare community, including agency administrators, supervisors, and direct service workers, and to describe the strategies child welfare and child-welfare serving agencies use to meet the needs of children and families of color in the child welfare system. Most abusing parents are around twenty-five years old reflecting the fact that the majority of abuse victims are infants and younger children.

Ix, 168 leaves 28 psychology, child tly, there exists no conclusive etiology of child abuse although there are two major and contrasting theories which attempt to impart a systematic interpretation to the data. Thereafter, both major theories of child abuse were tested against the findings of the literature review to determine to what extent the respective theories successfully predicted and related significant factors in child abuse. The child is likely to have been born prematurely and to have had more than the usual number of serious physical illnesses or disabilities throughout his life.

Of tent context to search:Across all me via email or y expert sion ibility hall at the university of er for our e-alert or orations & tions in the field of child abuse and neglect prevention: a review of the abuse and neglect prevention is a complex field due, in part, to the diverse and numerous factors that can lead to maltreatment. Although only one parent actually attacks the abuse victim, generally speaking, the other parent is overtly, or at least covertly involved in abusing the child. To examine this issue further, the federal government funds the national incidence study (nis), which is an attempt to provide a more accurate estimate of the incidence of child abuse and neglect by including in its sample, children who were investigated by child protective service (cps) agencies, children screened out by cps without investigation, and children seen by community professionals who were not reported to cps.

Finally, among children who are placed in foster care, african-american children experience significantly longer stays than caucasian or hispanic children. 5, 6, 7 and 8), for follow-up consultations, through which it could be seen that the child was completely healthy, without anisomelia and/or associated deformities (fig. Differences in the length of stay in foster care and types of placements may also account for over-representation of minority children in out-of-home care.

Few studies have been done on the characteristics of children reported to cps but screened out or for whom the case was unsubstantiated. In addition, african-american children are more likely than caucasian children to be placed with kin (needell et al. Finally, research has found that families of children of color receive less support and less appropriate services to retain their children at (2001) identified that the services received by caregivers in families of color are a significant predictor of reunification.

African-american children tend to have longer lengths of stay in foster care than caucasian and hispanic children (wulczyn et al. A critical shortcoming of this research is the minimal attention paid to the perceptions of child welfare professionals. These cases need to be managed by a multidisciplinary team because of the high risk of recurrence of possible death among these children.

Gourdine, of the most challenging and controversial issues facing the child welfare system is the disproportionate representation of ethnic minority children and families, particularly african-american children. While the former predicts the several environmental factors significantly related to child abuse and the latter explains the significant findings associated with the perpetrator, neither theory provides an explanation of the role of the child abuse victim. All of these institutions have the duty to safeguard and defend the rights of children and abuse should always be borne in mind as a differential diagnosis among children who present fractures that are poorly explained by trauma mechanisms, particularly femoral fractures in children who cannot yet walk.

Given the relationship between race and poverty and the higher rate of neglect among impoverished families, one could contend that it is surprising that the nis found no racial differences in type of less of whether or not racial disparities actually exist in the incidence of child abuse and neglect, there may be disparities in the reporting of maltreatment that affects the proportion of children of color in the child welfare system. Signs suggestive of child abuse include the presence of multiple acute lesions (ecchymosis, hematoma, excoriation, bites, burns and edema of soft tissues), previous history of abuse, subdural hematoma, behavioral alterations, presence of multiple fractures (especially in the femur, tibia and humerus) and/or fractures at various stages of healing. In general, caucasian caseworkers did not substantiate abuse and/or neglect in a larger proportion of cases involving african-americans than caucasians.