Literature review on cervical cancer

However, as the authors commented,These may be common themes for all do not access breast screening and hence g within other population , saleem and abraham[15] used focus explore knowledge of cancer, and access and screening in minority ethnic groups. Knowledge, awareness, and attitudes of female sex workers toward hpv infection, cervical cancer, and cervical smears in thailand.

It is likely that other attempts have been made to integrate hiv and cervical cancer services but have not been published. Would like to acknowledge the support of dr s, research and evaluation team, ghamshire county and dr heather roberts, course leader, masters in public health, university review was initially conducted as part of s degree in public l approval was not required for this commissioned; externally peer cts of .

For more related articles at quality in primary ives to consider the recent evidence which examines factors that are associated with uptake of cervical and breast screening in the british south asian community and to consider the effectiveness of interventions to improve uptake in this group. Facilitators and barriers to integrated cervical cancer and hiv tables shows barriers and facilitators mentioned in the results or screened all studies and found only five eligible for risk of bias assessment as they presented evaluative data [29, 30, 34, 38, 42].

28% were lost after a via+ screen, 49% between biopsy and leep and 60% between biopsy and hysterectomy/ studies described measures of clinical process and outcomes, with a majority presenting numbers of women screened for cervical cancer during the study period and some reporting uptake as proportion of women screened (table 3). Epidemiology and prevention of human papillomavirus and cervical cancer in sub-saharan africa: a comprehensive review.

One of the studies, a cross-sectional study evaluating an integrated service in botswana [31], found that 20% of women initially diagnosed with normal via results were recalled for assessment after the image review, finding 75. No studies were excluded based on assessment of search strategy and terms were developed collaboratively with an information specialist, and were consistent with methods adopted by other authors who have conducted systematic reviews on health services integration [15, 16].

This paper presents the results of a systematic review of programs integrating cervical cancer and hiv services globally, including feasibility, acceptability, clinical outcomes and facilitators for service is part of a larger systematic review on integration of services for hiv and non-communicable diseases. A study evaluating fourier transform infrared (ftir) spectroscopy as a new tool for screening of cervical cancer compared with cervical cytology (gold standard), a total of 800 cervical scrapings were taken by cytobrush and placed in thinprep medium.

A qualitative analysis of south african women’s knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about hpv and cervical cancer prevention, vaccine awareness and acceptance, and maternal-child communication about sexual health. The average cost of atypical squamous cell of undetermined significant (ascus), cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1 (cin1), and cin 2/3 in malaysia were rm898, rm1453, rm1948 respectively compared to rm10,540 for cervical cancer.

Race, socioeconomic status, father’s education level, mother’s education level and cervical cancer awareness were associated with the knowledge of cervical cancer prevention (p< 0. Of integrated care most programs studied, nurses and/or midwives were the main healthcare workers responsible for cervical cancer screening and care coordination, with other cadre also engaged for specialist functions such as supervision, pathology, and advanced care [4, 5, 22, 26, 29, 31, 35–38, 40, 41].

This feeling has been identified as an obstacle for having repeat pap smear tests in studies conducted among brazilian [12], hispanic [24] and qatari [25] women and should be taken into account to increase the compliance of women in the practice for cervical cancer the present study, the major barrier cited by women in use for cervical cancer screening was negligence; fear of discovering a serious disease was also cited by the interviewed women. This retrospective study to estimate the burden associated with cervical cancer was conducted at four hospitals4.

Place du dépistage du cancer du col utérin au gabon, étude sur 19 ans: 1977–1995. Building capacity for cervical cancer screening in outpatient hiv clinics in the nyanza province of western kenya.

Used the practical manual on visual screening for cervical neoplasia published by world health organization (who) -international agency for research on cancer (iarc) and khozaim et al describe using who guidelines on referrals and treatments. Consequently, many countries are now coping with the dual burden of hiv and cervical cancer [10].

The psychosocial aspect and economic burden formed a difficult barrier that affect cervical cancer screening and prevention programme. It costs about rm312 million (usd76 million) to manage cervical cancer (from prevention to managing invasive diseases) annually in malaysia.

Deaths from cervical cancer are rare amongst young women but its incidence increased from the age of 30 years and peaked at 60-69 years. Therefore, recommended implementation of a comprehensive cervical cancer screening and anti-hpv-16/18 vaccination program is an important and urgent measure for reducing the burden of cervical cancer in malaysia and singapore[10].

Indeed, screening and treatment of pre-cancerous lesions to prevent cervical cancer is one of the world health organization’s ‘best buys’ for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases [3]. And retrieval of reviewers independently reviewed the list of articles retrieved by the electronic database search, based on title or title and abstract, to identify those meeting the inclusion criteria.

Are large inequities in access to effective cervical cancer screening and treatment, with corresponding differences in the risk of invasive disease [2], with screening coverage in low- and middle-income countries only 19% overall, but much lower in some (e. Retrospective study by hospital universiti sains malaysia to determine the five-year survival rate among patients with cervical cancer who were treated, found that the overall fiveyear survival was 39.