But improving the environmental performance of a company can lead to economic improvement, and not necessarily an increase in cost (ambec; lanoie, 2008). It is no coincidence that the concepts of sustainability and sd are still poorly understood (dovers; handmer, 1992), and in many cases, are treated as synonyms. It is so broad and generally applicable that its vagueness makes it dead and open to conflicting interpretations (dovers; handmer, 1992).
This study selected 103 relevant articles within a period of 28 years, with the aim of analyzing the sustainability theme, characterizing the stage it is, the gaps and challenges for future contributions. Participation of science and has been little analysis of sustainable applications and what kind of results can be expected. As the debate on sustainability becomes more widespread and socially complex, more is being appropriated by different social forces that start to define the meaning that best expresses their values and interests (lima, 2003).
Is discussed as a state in which three types of interests (or conflicts) are met (or resolved) simultaneously: (i) the interests of the current generation to improve their actual life conditions (economic sustainability), (ii) the search for an equalization of living conditions between rich and poor (social sustainability), and (iii) the interests of future generations that are not committed to meeting the needs of the current generation (environmental sustainability) (horbach, 2005). Analyzing the alignment of the titles with the objective of the research, 250 articles 250 articles were submitted to analysis of the alignment of the abstract and keywords relating to the research goal, therefore, leaving 141 articles with aligned titles, abstracts and keywords. That is, sustainability involves an interaction with dynamic systems that are constantly changing and require proactive this research, few works that meet pro-activity were found, amongst them: analysis of the dynamic behavior in complex and ecological systems (cabezas; fath, 2002); use of forecasting in sustainability (linton; yeomans, 2002); development of strategies for sustainability (marshall; brown, 2003; moore; manring, 2009); green engineering projects (anastas, 2003); environmental requirements (são-josé et al.
Environmental sustainability is defined as the dematerialization of economic activity, since a decrease in material processing can reduce the pressure on natural systems and expand the provision of environmental services to the economy. Essence, sd is multi-dimensional, incorporating different aspects of society, seeking environmental protection and maintenance of natural capital to achieve economic prosperity and equity for present and future generations (kelly et al. The term sustainability appeared regarding renewable resources and has been adopted by the ecological movement.
Open systems, to interact with society and nature, involving industrial systems (transportation, manufacturing, energy etc. On the contrary, the important thing are the factors that influence the evolution of society, so that it maintains characteristics that are considered desirable to the current and future well-being (silva neto; basso, 2010). In this context, evolution has brought many forms of sustainability assessment, such as: indicators and indices (tyteca, 1999; huetinga; reijndersb, 2004; moldan et al.
The business world, sustainability was introduced by the concept of sustainable management, specifically in how companies produce their products and services, maintain and improve human and natural resources, according to the approach by authors isaksson and steimle (2009), fauzi et al. This context, this study aims to examine the literature on the topic of sustainability in order to characterize it and set the stage it is in, as well as analyze gaps and challenges in order to bring contributions for future article, besides this introduction consists of the sections: ii) methodological procedures; iii) literature review; iv) results; and v) ological on the goals of the work, we carried out the definition of the criteria for selecting journals, the collection of articles, the sorting of articles, content analysis and presentation of the literature review, we proceeded to search for keywords, them and their variations being: environmental sustainability, economic sustainability, social sustainability, indicators, definitions, green, performance mesurement, indices, organization, business, firm, industry,sustainable development, environment management systems, iso 14031, measures, cleaner production and sustainable selected databases available on the capes journal portal to compose the database, selecting those with the potential to collaborate with the research topic in question, these being: engineering village, elsevier, isi science direct, scopus and software used to import the publications selected in the databases searched was endnote x6®. The brundtland report (wced, 1987) explains the same term simply as development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs".
The financial extreme encourages a short-term horizon, standardizing growth models, which seeks the control and submission to formal procedures. Therefore, in strong sustainability it is required that a subset of the total natural capital is preserved in physical terms, so that their functions remain the existence of sustainability depends on their socioeconomic and environmental relationship, it can be seen as a major subject and addressed in different ways. This is due to the support of international agencies such as the united nations conference on environment in 1972, the brundtland commission with the brundtland report in 1987, the montreal protocol in ic initiatives gain strength with debates about what is sd and sustainability (lélé, 1991; mitcham, 1995; mebratu, 1998; parris; kates 2003).
There are several understandings, sustainability and sd aim to pass on to future generations a stock of capital that is at least as large as our own generation has inherited from previous generations (gaussin et al. In other cases, the activities aim to be sustainable, such as sustainable tourism, sustainable agriculture or sustainable buildings. According to the authors, companies would shift between two extremes: one financial and one sustainable.
With this purpose, it is important to mention that the items listed in the figure mentioned allow for an initial reference on the topic of sustainability, but do not exhaust the countless possibilities that nable development and d in the 1980s, the term sd emerged from the relationship between preserving the planet and meeting human needs (iucn, 1980). To ayres (2008), sustainability is a normative concept about how humans should act in relation to nature, and how they are responsible for each other and future generations. Overcoming these initial challenges collaborates with forecasts of future environmental conditions and their consequences for analyzing the content of the articles, there are several challenges to sustainability:1.
It is observed that there is now a variety of research and publications on the subject in order to address a way of understanding and explaining sustainability, be it as a process or an end goal. Thus, thinking strategically and making decisions means stopping to aim only for economic return and seeking to incorporate other dimensions, because the development process is not constant or stable over time and space (guimarães; feichas, 2009). The following definition of sustainable urban development is proposed:sustainable urban development seeks to create cities and towns that improve the long-term health of the planet’s human and ecological to achieve this objective include protecting and restoring natural ecosystems in urban areas, creating community environments that nurture human potential, using land and resources wisely, and facilitating human lifestyles that contribute to global author argues that sustainable urban development is indeed possible if 1) some degree of consensus is reached on values that can underlie it, 2) methods are developed to evaluate progress towards or away from sustainability, 3) specific policies, designs and programs are developed to implement sustainable urban development based on these values and yardsticks, and 4) the necessary political organizing, leadership development, and public education can be carried contentdownload pdf to viewview the password to open this pdf file:Articleabstractmain contentmetricsauthor & article infoadaptive transit: enhancing suburban transit servicescervero, robertbeutler, john ...