The literature shows that the economic impact of hiv and aids on the elderly is overwhelming to them, and they seem to have no financial support. 2007, ‘hiv/aids stigma: an investigation into the perspectives and experiences of people living with hiv/aids’, masters dissertation, dept of psychology, university of western , n.
2007, ‘an in-depth analysis of socio-demographics living arrangements and health conditions of ghana older population’, research review 2007, 61−i, r. Also, ageist and sexist stereotypes perpetuate the myth that the elderly are asexual (spearman & bolden 2005:53), evident in the fact that phc providers do not ask the elderly specific question related to assessing risk behaviours for hiv and aids.
A literature review on the elderly and hiv and aids provided the data analysed for this article. Access to the databases was mainly via a cumulative index of nursing and allied health and health literature (cinahl) and pre-cinahl, academic search premier, cochrane library, academic, masterfile premier africa-wide: nipad, and nexus database system (http:///) that provides access to completed and current research projects in south africa, and science direct.
Multi-sectorial collaboration and mobilisation of communities, including people living with hiv and aids, are vital for sustainable endations for health care ology and geriatric care should form an integral part of phc. Aids day and hiv counseling and testing day website is made possible by the support of the american people through the united states agency for international development (usaid).
And reinforcement to combat hiv/aids (march) projectblack tigers - ethiopian national defense force (endf). The human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (aids) pandemic has generated a new focus on the changing role of the elderly in communities that have been affected.
Hiv and aids have resulted in a reversal of roles, where older persons are now providing subsistence and care to younger generations (makiwane, schneider & gopane 2004:12; kimuna & makiwane 2007:97). It is important to document the impact of hiv and aids on the elderly, particularly within the sub-saharan african community where the burden of caring for the sick has shifted onto the shoulders of the elderly left in the community.
Roles of the elderly are seen to be changing to being care-givers of their adult children stricken with hiv and aids, guardians of their orphaned grandchildren, and surrogate parents for these grandchildren (ainsworth & dayton 2003:132; fouad 2004; helpage international 2007; bock & johnson 2008:1; nel 2004), which results in an increased burden of caring resting on the elderly. A total of 82 documents (68 articles, 4 theses and 10 reports) referring to the impact of hiv and aids on the elderly was reviewed.
2004, ‘the elderly and the prevention of hiv transmission: the case of centres for prevention and voluntary testing (cpvt) in yaounde, cameroon’, paper presented at the 15th international conference on aids, bangkok, thailand, 11−16th t, t & blaikie, p. The care-giving role of the elderly is such that it overwhelms their livelihood, forcing them to contend with various demands in terms of coping with increased health care costs, including debts incurred as a result of hiv and aids-related illnesses (helpage international 2003; ssengonzi 2007:349; okayo 2004) and meeting the transport and medical costs of ailing children (may 2003; ssengonzi 2007:349), paying school fees for orphaned grandchildren (helpage international 2003; nel 2004), and paying the funeral expenses of their family members (kipp et al.
Sure you are: hiv/aids among the elderly of purto rico’, 15th international conference on aids, bangkok, thailand, 11−16th , d. The plight of the elderly as care-givers to people affected/infected by hiv/aids’, 15th international conference on aids, bangkok, thailand, 11−16th , j.
It is concluded that more needs to be done to articulate the knowledge base of the impact of hiv and aids in order to inform social, economic and political policies for the purpose of alleviating the problems that the pandemic is wreaking on the elderly african status van ouer volwassenes in afrika beklee’n klein, maar vinnig groeiende deel van die globale verouderings literatuur. 2003, social and economic impacts of hiv/aids in sub-sahara africa with specific reference to aging, institute of behavioural science, population aging centre, university of colorado, , c.
In summary, hiv and aids have a negative psychological impact on the well-being of the elderly who are either infected or affected by this pandemic. Literature search on the impact of hiv and aids on the elderly in sub-saharan africa was carried out in april 2009 by means of a multiple electronic database search using the combined keywords of elderly, older person, hiv and aids, and socio-economic impact.
Hiv and aids affects older people in two main ways: the elderly are themselves infected with hiv, making them vulnerable to many health and socio-economic challenges (waysdorf 2002:51; ramos rodriguez, baney, morales, parham & lago 2000:13), and it places a burden on them as carers since many have to care for their sick children and are often left to look after orphaned grandchildren who are also infected (rajaraman, earleb & heymann 2008:2; lalthapersad-pillay 2008:151; van dullemen 2006:101). Empowerment starts with educating the elderly about hiv, its mode of transmission, strategies to prevent infection, and to make them aware of their rights as citizens.
The following questions are addressed: what are the challenges faced by the elderly as a result of hiv and aids in the african community; and how do hiv and aids impact on the role of the elderly in sub-saharan african communities? The rapid growth of population ageing in africa and the impact of hiv and aids add another dimension to the role of older persons.
The search was limited to studies conducted in sub-saharan africa and in academic literature referring to the elderly and hiv and aids in sub-saharan africa, as well as reports written by organisations that support the cause of the elderly. A review of the composition of households consisting of older adults in 24 countries of sub-saharan africa showed that 59% live with children and 46% with a grandchild, and that older adults are more likely to be living with double orphans (where both parent have died) in countries with high aids-related mortality (zimmer & dayton 2005: 297).
Age-appropriate advertising should be considered to increase acceptability of hiv and aids prevention programmes by the endations for practice that excludes the elderly from developmental programmes, including hiv and aids prevention programmes, needs to be abandoned. Reports show that the severity of hiv and aids symptoms is more pronounced in the elderly population, leading to a poorer prognosis (butt, dascomb, desalvo, bazzano, kissinger & szerlip 2001:394; breux et al.