The goal is to deliberately document, critically evaluate, and summarize scientifically all of the research about a clearly defined research problem. Thinking about your literature structure of a literature review should include the following:An overview of the subject, issue, or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review,Division of works under review into themes or categories [e. For example, a review of the internet’s impact on american presidential politics could focus on the development of online political satire.
Literature review must do these organized around and related directly to the thesis or research question you are size results into a summary of what is and is not fy areas of controversy in the ate questions that need further yourself questions like these:What is the specific thesis, problem, or research question that my literature review helps to define? Isolated statistical results rather than synthesizing them in chi-squared or meta-analytic methods; and,Only includes research that validates assumptions and does not consider contrary findings and alternative interpretations found in the , kathleen e. The process of reviewing the literature requires different kinds of activities and ways of thinking.
You may be able to write a paragraph or so to introduce the focus of each handout and many others are available in writing in the health sciences: a comprehensive video is queuequeuewatch next video is g the literature review (part one): step-by-step tutorial for graduate cribe from david taylor? A form of research that reviews, critiques, and synthesizes representative literature on a topic in an integrated way such that new frameworks and perspectives on the topic are generated. When scholars use bloom’s fifth category evaluating they are able to see the strengths and weaknesses of the theories, arguments, methodology and findings of the literature they have collected and read.
19/2005isbn: 141290904xdoing a literature review in health and social care: a practical guide - helen aveyardcall number: 808. However, when writing a review in the social sciences, a survey of the history of the literature may be required. All works included in the review must be read, evaluated and analysed (which you would do for an annotated bibliography), but relationships between the literature must also be identified and articulated, in relation to your field of research.
In other words, a complete understanding the research problem requires you to deliberately examine how knowledge and perspectives have changed over time. 5]:193–229 the process of reviewing the literature is often ongoing and informs many aspects of the empirical research project. Read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or to identify ways to organize your final review.
Here again, if the same authors are being cited again and again, this may indicate no new literature has been written on the , anthea. Web of knowledge] citation database and google scholar to identify who has subsequently cited leading scholars already identified in your literature review. But be very careful not to fall into the trap of rejecting research just because it conflicts with your hypothesis.
A summary is a recap of the important information of the source, but a synthesis is a re-organization, or a reshuffling, of that information in a way that informs how you are planning to investigate a research problem. As a piece of writing, the literature review must be defined by a guiding concept (e. Writing your literature you've settled on how to organize your literature review, you're ready to write each section.
Sort through other current bibliographies or literature reviews in the field to get a sense of what your discipline expects. Review does not always focus on what someone said [findings], but how they came about saying what they say [method of analysis]. Wikipedia, the free to: navigation, a focused scientific review with pre-defined methodology, see systematic has been suggested that this article be merged into review article.
However, particularly in the social sciences, thinking about research problems from multiple vectors is a key strategy for finding new solutions to a problem or gaining a new perspective. Third, there are the perceptions, conclusions, opinion, and interpretations that are shared informally that become part of the lore of composing a literature review, it is important to note that it is often this third layer of knowledge that is cited as "true" even though it often has only a loose relationship to the primary studies and secondary literature reviews. Youtube autoplay is enabled, a suggested video will automatically play g the literature review (part two): step-by-step tutorial for graduate to write a literature review in 30 minutes or ture reviews: how to find and do ture reviews: an overview for graduate for writing a literature review.
By understanding how ways of thinking connect to tasks of a literature review, a scholar is able to be self-reflective and bring metacognition to the process of reviewing the literature. For a person doing a literature review this would include tasks such as recognition, retrieval and recollection of the relevant literature. This is particularly true if the literature review is to be a chapter in a future empirical study.